We also have an additional glossary of vocabulary related to the C-ROADS model and World Climate Simulation game: https://img.climateinteractive.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Vocabulary-to-help-prepare-for-World-Climate.pdf
Caused by human activity
Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage
Charcoal produced from plant matter and stored in the soil as a means of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Carbon capture and storage
Carbon dioxide removal
Methane. A greenhouse gas.
The amount that the global surface temperature will increase in response to a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide. A greenhouse gas.
Climate-Rapid Overview and Decision Support simulator created by Climate Interactive
Direct air capture
U.S. Energy Information Administration
Energy Rapid Overview and Decision-Support climate change solutions simulator created by Climate Interactive
A measure of energy equal to 10^18 joules.
Fluorinated gases. Synthetic (created by humans) gases that are used in industrial applications and are powerful greenhouse gases. Include HFCs, PFCs, and SF6.
A measure of energy equal to 10^9 joules.
GISS Surface Temperature Analysis created by NASA. An estimate of global surface temperature change.
Any gas that absorbs radiation (heat energy) from the Earth’s surface and thus traps heat and makes the planet warmer. Anthropogenic greenhouse gases include CO2, CH4, N2O, and F-gases.
A measure of mass. Metric gigatons (10^9 tons or 10^12 kg).
Global warming potential. The heat absorbed by a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere over a period of time as compared to the heat absorbed by an equivalent amount of CO2.
A global dataset of historic surface temperature anomalies. Maintained by the Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Change.
Hydrofluorocarbons. A type of F-gas used in refrigeration and air conditioning.
Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
Integrated Assessment Model
International Energy Agency
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
A measure of energy. Lifting an apple one meter takes about 1 joule of energy (source).
Show the drivers of growth in carbon dioxide emissions. Yoichi Kaya created the equation behind the graphs: Global Population x GDP per Capita x Energy Intensity of GDP x Carbon Intensity of Energy = CO2 Emissions from Energy
Kilowatt hour. A measure of energy. Equals one hour of electricity use at 1 kW power.
Megawatt hour. Equals 1000 kWh.
Nitrous oxide. A greenhouse gas.
Nitrogen trifluoride. An F-gas.
Parts per million. A common measure of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere.
Perfluorinated chemicals. A family of F-gases.
The relative amount of cost reduction per doubling of cumulative production of a technology. In the case of renewable energy, the progress ratio is thought to be 20%, i.e. for every doubling of production, costs decrease by 20%. Costs come down as supply chains, business models, and production industries grow. Also known as the learning effect or learning/experience curve.
Representative concentration pathway. A greenhouse gas concentration (not emissions) pathway used by the IPCC. Shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs) are a successor to the RCPs.
Radiative forcing. The difference between energy absorbed by the Earth and energy radiated back into space. Incoming energy minus outgoing energy. When incoming energy is greater than outgoing energy, RF is positive and the planet will warm. Measured in W/m2.
Sulfur hexafluoride, an F-gas
Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. A set of five narratives about future social, political and economic conditions in the world that are used to create and compare climate scenarios.
A measure of energy equal to 10^12 joules.
World Energy Outlook. A yearly publication by the International Energy Agency (IEA).